When people make plans to travel, they often worry about the safety of themselves and their belongings while abroad. But what about their safety, and the safety of others, when they return to their home country?
Typhoid is a life-threatening bacterial disease caused by an organism named Salmonella Typhi. Of the nearly 6,000 Americans that get Typhoid every year, most pick it up while traveling abroad.
A recent strain of Typhoid, which is spread through contaminated food and water, has increasingly become a cause for concern among the global healthcare community.
The strain is known as H58. This particular strain of Typhoid is resistant to several antibiotics, causing worldwide alarm for how to treat the spreading illness.
Typhoid Travel Tips
Because these diseases are environmental and extremely contagious, avoiding contamination is key. While traveling, be aware of the status of the country in regards to the prevention of communicable diseases. Additionally, look to get vaccinated so that you will be safe from the disease.
More on Typhoid
Typhoid is prevalent in developing countries that have poor sanitation, with this particular treatment-resistant strain being found in Southeast Asia, Western Asia, East Africa, Fiji and Southern Africa.
The disease has a 20 percent chance of causing death when it is not treated with antibiotics.
Its symptoms are as varied as:
- loss of appetite
- skin rash
- muscle weakness
- weight loss and
- internal bleeding
Scientists are not just worried about typhoid becoming resistant to antibiotic treatment. Other bacterial diseases that are easily spread, such as E. Coli, could be following suit.
Developing countries have unregulated access to antibiotics, and without effective treatment options, health professionals and public officials should turn to disease prevention.
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